Yadda za a Buga Yanar Gizo ɗinka zuwa Wani Mai Gidan Yanar Gizo (kuma Sanin Lokacin Yada Canji)

Mataki na ashirin da ya rubuta ta:
  • Jagoran Gida
  • An sabunta: Oktoba 17, 2019

A wata manufa mai kyau, ba za mu damu ba game da sauya shafukan yanar gizo - shafinmu zai kasance da farin ciki da zama a wurin mai bada sabis na yanzu tare da lokaci mai yawa, farashi mai araha, da kuma 100% uptime.

Abin takaici, duniya ba ta da kyau kuma wannan kyakkyawan yanayin yana da wuya, idan har abada ya kasance. Idan mai gidan yanar gizon ku na yanzu ba yana ba da abin da kuke buƙata ba, zai iya zama lokaci don canzawa zuwa mafi kyau (za muyi magana game da sanin lokacin da lokaci ya canza a cikin daga baya daga wannan labarin). Canja wurin rukunin yanar gizon ku zuwa sabon gidan yanar gizon ba lallai ne ya zama mai wahala kamar hawa zuwa sabon gidan ba. Zai iya zama mai sauƙi a zahiri idan ka ɗauki matakan da suka dace.

Yadda ake Canja wurin Yanar Gizon Ku

Lokacin amfani da rukunin yanar gizo zuwa wani kamfani na yanar gizo daban, kuna buƙatar:

  1. Sayi da kunna sabbin asusun hosting,
  2. Matsa duk fayilolin gidan yanar gizo - gami da bayanan adana bayanai da asusun imel,
  3. Shigar kuma saita aikace-aikacenku (sigar PHP, WordPress, da sauransu) a sabon mai watsa shiri,
  4. Duba sabon shafi akan adadi / URL na wucin gadi,
  5. Shirya matsala idan wani kurakurai,
  6. Nuna bayanan yankinku na DNS zuwa sabon mai watsa shiri na yanar gizo

Kuna iya ko dai outsource wadannan ayyuka gare ku sabon kamfanin karbar bakuncin (da yawa zasuyi shi kyauta) ko zaka iya Canza wurin rukunin yanar gizon ka da hannu ko amfani da plugin.

Zamu nutse cikin zabuka biyun a wannan labarin.


Zabi #1: Neman Tallafin Yanar Gizonku (kyauta)

Flowchart - Saurin ƙaura Site ta amfani da zaɓi #1 - Mataki na 1 - Rajista
Mataki na 1- Rajista

Flowchart - Saukar Site ta amfani da zabin #2 - Neman fayil
Mataki na 2 - Neman ƙaura

Flowchart - Saukar Site ta amfani da zabin #1 - Mataki na 3 - Jira
Mataki na 3 - Jira

Kama mai gidan yanar gizon da ke ba da sabis na ƙaura kyauta ne mafi kyaun zaɓi ga masu shiga da kuma masu kasuwanci.

Yanar gizon yanar gizo masana'antu ne mai gasa - kamfanonin karɓar baƙi suna yin duk abin da suke iya don lashe sabbin abokan ciniki. Yawancin kamfanonin karɓar baƙi, ciki har da wasu manyan waɗanda na ba da shawarar, suna ba da sabis na ƙaurawar yanar gizo kyauta ga sabbin abokan ciniki. Abinda kawai za ku yi shine neman ƙaura bayan yin rajista tare da sabon mai badawa kuma ƙungiyar tallafi zasu kula da ɗaukar nauyi.

A mafi yawan lokuta, wannan ita ce hanya mafi fa'ida don haka zaka iya adana lokaci kuma ka mai da hankali kan sauran aiki mai mahimmanci tare da gidan yanar gizon ka.

Ga abin da ya kamata ka yi idan kana tafiya da wannan zabin:

1- Sa hannu tare da ɗakin yanar gizon yanar gizo wanda ke ba da gudun hijira ta yanar gizon kyauta

Kyakkyawan kamfanonin karɓar baƙi tare da ƙaurawar shafin kyauta:

  • A2 Hosting - Sananne ne saboda saurin sa da amincin sa, rabawa na farawa daga $ 2.96 / mo.
  • GreenGeeks - Gidan yanar gizon abokantaka na yanar gizo, babban ci gaba a aikin kwanannan.
  • InterServer - Amintaccen mai masaukin yanar gizo na New Jersey-base, ba ya tayar da farashin kaya ($ 5 / mo) yayin sabuntawa.
  • InMotion Hosting - Babban mai masaukin yanar gizo tare da rikodin waƙoƙin 15 na sama da shekaru.
  • SiteGround - Mashahurin gidan yanar gizon yanar gizo tsakanin masu rubutun ra'ayin yanar gizo, abin dogaro ne sosai; tsada sabuntawa mai tsada.
  • TMD Hosting - Kyakkyawan wasan kwaikwayo da farashi mai girma - Shiryawar baƙi yana farawa a $ 2.95 / mo.

* Bayyanarwa: Idan ka yi oda ta waɗannan hanyar haɗin zan sami komputa ba tare da ƙarin farashin ku ba.

2- Neman hijirar yanar gizon kuma samar da bayanan yanar gizon

Yi fayil ɗin ƙaura tare da sabon mai masaukin yanar gizon ku. Yawancin lokaci duk abin da kuke buƙatar yi shine samar da bayanan shiga a tsohuwar rundunar ku - sunan mai masauki, shigarwa na ƙungiyar iko, da shiga na FTP, da sauransu; kuma sabon mai gidan yanar gizonku zai kula da sauran.

Misali: InMotion Hosting

InMotion Hosting Yanar Gizo Tranfer
Don fara shirin canja wurin yanar gizo a InMotion Hosting, shiga cikin dashboard AMP> Ayyuka na Asusun> Nemi Gidan Yanar Gizo. Danna nan don fara InMotion kyauta ta hanyar hijira a yanzu.

Misali: GreenGeeks

Kuna iya neman sabis na ƙaurawar GreenGeeks bayan sayan. Don fara ƙaura, shiga cikin Mai sarrafa Asusunka na GreenGeeks> Tallafi> Neman ƙaurawar Site> Zaɓi Sabis> Bayar da bayanan asusu (a tsohuwar rundunarku) kamar URL ɗin sarrafawa, bayanan asusu. Lura - sabis na ƙaurawar gidan yanar gizon GreenGeeks ya haɗa ba kawai canja wurin cPanel ba, amma har ƙaura daga dandamalin Plesk.

Misali: SiteGround

Don fara fara hijira na intanet: Shiga zuwa Yankin Mai amfani> Goyan baya> Mataimakin Mataimaki (kasa)> Canja wurin Yanar Gizo. Danna nan don farawa SiteGround kyauta ta yanar gizon yanzu.

3- Yanar baya kuma shakatawa

Yep, shi ke nan kana bukatar ka yi.

Babu matsala ta matsala na database. Babu asusun imel ɗin tafiye-tafiye. Sauƙi a matsayin kek.


Zabi #2: Canja wurin Yanar Gizonku da hannu

1- Siyan sabon shafin yanar gizo

Kuna buƙatar sabon mai masaukin yanar gizo a wuri kafin ku iya farawa ƙaurawar mai masauki.

Akwai maganganu iri daban-daban na karbar bakuncin daga can, kowannensu yana da tsarin sa da nasa tayin. Kuna buƙatar kimantawa da kwatanta wanda ya dace a gare ku dangane da dalilai da yawa, kamar farashi, sarari da ake buƙata, da kuma sabar uwar garken, don suna kaɗan.

Hakanan mafi dacewa ya kamata ka sanar da baƙi da / ko abokan cinikinka cewa kana motsawa zuwa sabon mai masaukin yanar gizo, tare da bayani game da sa'oin da kake juyawa. Yana da kyau PR aiwatarwa don yin lokaci-lokaci matsayi sabuntawa akan hanyoyin sadarwar kafofin watsa labarun don sanar da abokan cinikin ku. Plusari, yi la'akari da tambayar masu amfani da ku kar su ziyarci shafin yanar gizonku yayin ƙaura don rage nauyin tsarin kuma hana ƙarin ciwon sabis na abokin ciniki.

tips:

2- Matsar da fayilolin gidan yanar gizo da asusun imel

Ga waɗanda ke yin taskanin gidan yanar gizo mai ƙima (rukunin yanar gizo ba tare da bayanan tarin bayanai ba), duk abin da ake buƙatar yi shine zazzage komai (.html, .jpg, .mov files) daga sabar ƙungiyar ɗinku data kasance kuma ku loda su cikin sabon rundunar ku bisa ga tsohon tsarin fayil Ana iya yin motsawa cikin sauri ta amfani da wakilin FTP / sFTP. Ina bayar da shawarar yin amfani da FileZilla idan kana neman daya.

Motsa wani yanki mai tsauri (tare da kayan tarihi) yana buƙatar ƙarin ƙarin aiki.

Motsa bayanai

Don ingantaccen rukunin yanar gizon da ke gudana akan bayanan (watau MySQL), kuna buƙatar fitar da bayanan ku daga tsohuwar gidan yanar gizon ku kuma shigo da shi zuwa ga sabon gidan yanar gizonku. Idan kun kasance akan cPanel, za a iya aiwatar da wannan hanyar cikin sauƙi ta amfani da phpMyAdmin.

Ana fitarwa da canja wurin bayanai ta amfani da phpMyAdmin
Shiga cPanel> Databases> phpMyAdmin> Fitarwa.

Idan kuna amfani da tsarin gudanar da abun ciki (watau WordPress, Joomla), kuna buƙatar shigar da aikace-aikacen sabon mai masaukin yanar gizo kafin shigo da bayanan. Wasu CMS suna ba da aikin canja wurin sauƙi (watau ayyukan 'shigo da kayan fitarwa na WordPress) - zaku iya amfani da wannan aikin don canja wurin fayilolin bayanan ku kai tsaye ta amfani da dandamali na CMS.

Motsa shafin yanar gizon WordPress

Matsar da WordPress daga cPanel zuwa cPanel

Don shafukan yanar gizon WordPress akan cPanel (saiti mafi yawanci) baƙi, hanya mafi sauri don motsa shafin yanar gizonku shine zana duk abin da ke cikin "public_html" ko "www" babban fayil ɗin, shigar da babban fayil ɗin zuwa sabon rukunin yanar gizonku, kuma ƙara waɗannan layuka biyu masu zuwa. cikin WP-Conf ɗinku:

ayyana ('WP_SITEURL', 'http: //' $ _SERVER ['HTTP_HOST']); ayyana ('WP_HOME', WP_SITEURL);

Matsar da WordPress ta amfani da plugins na kowa

karin bayani mai amfani da yanar gizo
Duk-in-One WP Hijira yana taimakawa wajen fitar da shafin yanar gizonku na WordPress wanda ya hada da bayanan bayanan, fayilolin mai jarida, plugins da jigogi ba tare da ilimin ilimin da ake buƙata ba

Madadin haka, akwai wadatattun abubuwan ƙaura masu ƙaura don waɗanda ke motsa shafin WordPress zuwa sabon gidan yanar gizon. Ina so Duplicator - Plugin Hijira ta WordPress da kuma Duk-in-Daya WP Hijira don sauki. Waɗannan plugins za su taimake ka don motsawa, ƙaura, ko ma haɗa da gidan yanar gizon WordPress zuwa sabon mai masaukin yanar gizo ba tare da ƙwarewar ilimin fasaha da ake buƙata ba.

Motsa WordPress ta amfani da plugins na musamman

kayan aikin ƙaura na wpengine
WP Engine ba ya ba da sabis na canja wurin yanar gizo kyauta amma suna da kayan aikin ƙaura na WordPress wanda aka gina ta musamman don masu amfani waɗanda suke shiga.

Wasu kamfanonin tallata yanar gizon suna ba da kayan aikin ƙaura na WordPress ɗin nasu. Misali WP Injin Mai sarrafa kansa da kuma Mai Gudanarwa na Gida - waɗannan ingantattun kayan haɗi ne na ci gaba don canja wurin shafuka na WordPress zuwa ƙungiyar gidan yanar gizo da aka tsara. Ya kamata ka yi amfani da abubuwan haɗin cikin gida lokacin da kake sauya zuwa waɗancan kamfanonin.

Motsa asusun imel

Wataƙila ɗayan mawuyacin sassa na sauya gidan yanar gizonku shine canja wurin imel. A zahiri zaku shiga cikin ɗayan waɗannan yanayin yanayin:

Matsalar #1: A halin yanzu an dauki bakuncin Email a kan mai rijista na yankin (kamar GoDaddy)

Wannan saitin imel shine mafi sauki don matsawa. Login to your domain mai rejista (inda ka dauki bakuncin your email), canza adireshin imel A (ko @) rikodin zuwa sabon web host ta IP address.

Matsalar #2: Adireshin imel suna karɓar bakuncin wani ɓangare na uku (kamar Microsoft 365)

Tabbatar cewa asusunku na MX, tare da duk wani bayanan da mai bada sabis na imel ɗinku ya buƙata, an sabunta a cikin DNS.

Matsalar #3: Adireshin imel suna karɓar bakuncin tsohuwar yanar gizo

Idan kuna canja wurin cikakken asusun daga cPanel zuwa cPanel, ba lallai ne ku canja wurin asusun imel da hannu ba. Madadin, zaku iya sauke dukkanin asusun imel ɗinku (da duk fayiloli a ciki) daga Mai sarrafa Fayil na cPanel kuma zazzage shi zuwa sabon mai watsa shiri na yanar gizo. Tsarin yana da sauƙi - a nan mataki-mataki-mataki jagora idan kuna buƙatar taimako).

A mafi munin yanayin yanayin (canja wuri daga ƙarancin kula mai kula da ƙungiyar mai sauƙin sauƙin amfani), kuna buƙatar sake ƙirƙirar duk asusun imel da ke kasancewa a cikin sabon gidan yanar gizonku na hannu da hannu. Tsarin na iya zama ɗan wahala - musamman idan kuna gudana akan adiresoshin imel da yawa.

Dingara asusun imel ta amfani da cPanel (Screenshot: InMotion Hosting).

3- Binciko na ƙarshe & Matsalar harbi

Da zarar ka ɗora fayilolinka a kan sababbin daidaitattun kwaskwarima, dubawa biyu cewa duk abin yana aiki daidai a kan shafin yanar gizonku

Wasu kamfanoni na kamfanoni suna samar da tsarin ci gaba (watau. SiteGround) domin ku iya duba shafinku a hankali kafin kuyi rayuwa cikin sabon yanayi, ba ku damar magance matsalolin da ke faruwa a bayan al'amuran.

Sake gyara kuskuren shafin yanar gizon da alaƙa da ɓacewa

Yayin da kake canja wurin dukiyar ku na asibiti daga masaukin yanar gizo na baya, yana iya yiwuwar dukiya, kamar su graphics wanda za a yi kuskure ko don wasu fayiloli za a bari a baya. Idan wannan ya faru, baƙi za su fuskanci kuskuren 404. Kula da akwatin 404 a lokacin da bayan da aka sauya - wannan log ɗin zai faɗakar da kai game da duk wani haɗin da ba aiki ba ko kuma dukiyar da kake bukata don magance sake mayar da shafinka don yin aiki sosai.

A mafi yawan lokuta, zaka iya yin amfani da .htaccess turaMar da kuma turawa don nuna tsofaffin fayilolin fayil zuwa sababbin. Wadannan su ne wasu lambobin samfurori da zaka iya amfani dasu.

Ƙayyade shafin 404 naka

Don rage lalacewar lalacewa ta hanyar haɗin haɗin - inda aka motsa.html shine shafin da kuke son nuna wa baƙi yayin da akwai kuskuren 404.

ErrorDocument 404 /moved.html

Canja wurin shafi zuwa sabon wuri

Nada 301 / Shafi-page.html http://www.example.com/new-page.html

Canja wurin jagorancin gaba zuwa sabon wuri

redirectMatch 301 ^ / category /? $ http://www.example.net/new-category/

Gyara madaidaicin shafuka zuwa sabon wuri

Kuma, kawai idan ka canja tsarin shafinka a sabon mai watsa shiri -

Sake rubutawa a kan RewriteCond% {QUERY_STRING} ^ id = 13 $ RewriteRule ^ / page.php $ http://www.mywebsite.com/newname.htm? [L, R = 301]

Matsalar matsala na matsala

Akwai haɗari inda za a iya lalata bayanan bayanan ku yayin sauyawa. Zan yi amfani da WordPress misali saboda wannan shine abinda na saba da shi.

Idan har yanzu har yanzu zaka iya samun dama ga WP dashboard, gwada ƙoƙarin cire dukkanin plugins da farko sannan ka ga idan asusunka ya karɓa daidai. Bayan haka, sake sakewa ɗaya daga lokaci ɗaya, duba shafin gida kowane lokaci don tabbatar da yana nuna daidai.

Abubuwa za su sami dan kadan idan ba za ka iya samun dama ga dashboard ba. Gwada waɗannan matakai daban-daban don ganin idan mutum yana aiki:

  • Re-upload your database, rubuta a kan sabon database.
  • Bincika inda kuskuren cin hanci ya fito daga kuma gwada sake dawo da wannan fayil daga tsoffin shafin zuwa sabonka.
  • Bude fayil kuma duba don tabbatar cewa yana nunawa ga sabon sabar ɗinku.

Magani #1: WordPress auto database gyara

Idan waɗancan matakan basu yi aiki ba, wataƙila ku ɗan yi zancen kuɗi, amma zan yi magana da ku ta hanyar.

Na farko, bude sabon shafin a FTP kuma je zuwa wp-config.php fayil. Ya kamata fayil ɗin ya kasance cikin babban babban fayil inda kake zaune. Ajiyayyen wannan fayil kafin ka yi duk wani gyara.

Bincika wannan kalma:

/ ** Hanyar kuskure zuwa gareshin WordPress. * /

Kamar sama kawai, ƙara wannan kalma:

ayyana ('WP_ALLOW_REPAIR', gaskiya);

Ajiye canje-canjenku kuma ku bar shirin FTP dinku don yanzu. Bude mashigin yanar gizonku da kukafi so. Je zuwa ga adireshin da ke biye don rep

http://yourwebsitename.com/wp-admin/maint/repair.php
gyara allon
Ko dai button zaiyi aiki don gyara kwamfutarka amma kawai karbi "Gyara da inganta".
gyara database
Lokacin da aka kammala tsari, za ku ga allon wanda yake kallon wanda ke ƙasa. Zai ma tunatar da ku don cire wannan gyara daga fayil ɗinku na sanyi.

Magani #2: phpMyAdmin

Idan hanyoyin da ke sama ba su aiki ba, aikinku na gaba shine shugaban kan bayanan bayanan ku.

Wannan na iya zama wata damuwa idan baku tabbata ba yadda aikin tarin bayanai ke aiki, amma matakan suna da sauki. Ko da kun lalata tushen bayanai, ya kamata ku iya kawai sake saukarwa daga tsohuwar uwar garken ku sake fitarwa. A zahiri babu buƙatar tsoro idan dai kuna goyon bayan bayananku.

Samun phpMyAdmin daga sabon shafin yanar gizonku. Zabi WordPress ɗin ku. Wannan yawanci ana dauke da yoursite_wrdp1.

Duk da haka, wannan zai iya bambanta. Za ku iya ganin "WP" a wani wuri a cikin take, ko da yake (duba hoton da ke ƙasa). Zaka kuma iya samun sunan sunanka na sunanka a cikin wannan fayil na wp-config.php wanda ka bude a mataki na sama. Danna kan sunan sunan database a phpMyAdmin don bude shi.

zabi zaɓi
cPanel> Samun phpMyAdmin> Danna kan sunan sunan sunan suna bude shi.
duba duk
Da zarar kayan aiki na bayanai, duba maɓallin da ya ce "Duba duk / Duba Tables da ke kan gaba".
gyara-tebur
Zaɓi "Matakan Tsabtacewa a cikin akwatin saukar da sauke zuwa dama na inda ka kawai duba akwatin.
gyara gyara
Za a ba ku matsayi game da ko an gyara allunan kuma saman allonku ya ce "an aiwatar da binciken SQL ɗin ku cikin nasara".

4- Nunin yanki na DNS zuwa sabon gidan yanar gizonku

godaddy dns rikodin

Bayan haka, kuna buƙatar canza rikodin gidan yanar gizonku na DNS (A, AAAA, CNAME, MX) zuwa sabbin sabbin gidan yanar gizon a mai rejista.

Shafinku na DNS ɗin shi ne jerin "umarnin" wanda ya ƙayyade inda za a aika mai amfani; motsa rikodinka na DNS zuwa sababbin sabobin yana tabbatar da cewa baƙi za su sami shafinka kamar yadda ake nufi, maimakon karɓar kuskure ko misdirect. Wannan wani mataki ne mai muhimmanci - tabbatar cewa kana samun bayanai na dama na DNS daga sabon shafin yanar gizonku.

A nan ne umarnin mataki-by-step kan canza shafin yanar gizonku a Godaddy, Name Cheap, Da kuma Domain.com.

tip

Idan yankinku a yanzu yana rajista a cikin tsohon gidan yanar gizonku, la'akari da canja wurin yankin zuwa ɓangare na uku saboda idan har kuna buƙatar sake sauya runduna, yankinku zai iya zuwa tare da ku a sauƙaƙe kuma ba tare da wani rikice rikice ba.

5- Tabbatar da yaduwar DNS

Da zarar ka nema don motsa rikodinka na DNS, zaɓin zai iya ɗauka a ko'ina a tsakanin sa'o'i kadan zuwa cikakken yini don ɗaukar rayuwa.

Da zarar canjin ya tafi kai tsaye, sanar da tsohuwar kamfanin ka na karbar bakuncin yadda ya soke. Kula da shafin yanar gizonku a hankali akalla a mako guda ko makamancin haka don tabbatar da komai a sabon gidan yanar gizo yana aiki yadda yakamata.

Tip: Amfani Menene My DNS don aiwatar da DNS lookup don duba yankin sunayen halin yanzu adireshin IP da kuma DNS rikodin bayanai daga mahara sunan sabobin a cikin 18 wurare. Wannan yana ba ka damar duba sabon tsarin yaduwar DNS.
DNS Map ne wani kayan bincike na DNS kyauta don bincika DNS yaduwa matsayi daga kan abubuwan 20.


Sanin Lokaci Da Lokaci Da Zai Canza Mai Gidan Yanar Ka

Yin canjin zuwa sabon mai masaukin yanar gizo na iya zama lokaci mai wahala - wanda shine dalilin da ya sa yawancin masu mallakar shafin suka fi son kar su sauya gidan yanar gizo sai dai idan hakan ya zama dole. Bayan duk - me yasa bata lokaci da kuzari yayin da komai ya yi daidai?

Don haka yaushe ne lokacin da ya dace don fara neman sabon bako? Ta yaya ka san cewa mai gidan yanar gizonku shine asalin matsalar matsalar gidan yanar gizonku? Ga wasu 'yan alamu:

  1. Your shafin yana kullum faruwa sauka
  2. Shafinku ya yi yawa jinkirin
  3. Sabis ɗin abokan ciniki ba shi da taimako
  4. Kuna da karin sarari, ayyuka, ko sauran albarkatu
  5. Kuna biya da yawa
  6. An hage ku, fiye da sau daya
  7. Kun ji game da babban sabis a wasu wurare

Kyakkyawar Mai Gidan Yanar Gizo = Kyakkyawar Barci a Dare

Lokacin da na sauya zuwa InMotion Hosting shekaru da suka wuce - fasaha na fasaha ya taimaka sosai kuma ya sauke shafin na a cikin kwanciyar hankali yayin da na barci. Na farka zuwa shafin yanar gizon da aka yi aiki da sauri kuma da tabbaci ba tare da jimawa ba a sabis.

Idan ba ku ji cewa matakin jin dadi ba, ko kuma damuwa game da rahotanni mara kyau da kuka gani a shafin yanar gizon ku, yana iya zama lokaci don canji.


Har ila yau karanta -

Game da Jerry Low

Founder of WebHostingSecretRevealed.net (WHSR) - nazarin bita da aka yi amfani da shi ta hanyar masu amfani da 100,000. Fiye da shekaru 15 kwarewa a yanar gizon yanar gizon, tallace-tallace haɗin gwiwa, da SEO. Mai ba da gudummawa ga ProBlogger.net, Business.com, SocialMediaToday.com, da sauransu.

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