Yadda za a Ɗaukar da Littafinku #1: Traditional vs. Self Publishing for Bloggers

Mataki na ashirin da ya rubuta ta:
  • Shafukan rubutun ra'ayin kanka
  • An sabunta: Mayu 15, 2017

Bayanin Edita

Littattafai kayan aiki ne na ban mamaki. Ana iya amfani da su don maida masu karatu zuwa cikin biyan kuɗi na imel (ba da kyauta kyauta kyauta don musayar adireshin imel), ko za a iya amfani dashi a matsayin wata hanyar samun kudaden shiga don kasuwancin kan layi. Wannan jerin abubuwan da ke kan wallafe-wallafe wani littafi zai koya maka duk abin da kake buƙatar sani don samun littafi na farko a can kuma ya sa shi nasara.

Labari na farko cikin jerin abubuwa masu wahala game da buga kai. Zayyan kayan yau da kullun, kamar zaɓuɓɓuka iri-iri don bugawa da lokacin da zaku iya tsammanin bibiyawa daga farawa har ƙarshe. Hakanan zakuyi koyon yadda kuke tsara littafinku.

Anan akwai hanyar haɗi zuwa 5-jerin yadda zaka buga bugun littafin ka

  1. Traditional vs. Self Publishing don Bloggers
  2. Kafa Tsarinka da Budget dinka
  3. Hanyar 5 don Sayarwa Littafinka na Kan Kai
  4. Zayyana da Tsarin Littafinku
  5. Hanyar 11 zuwa kasuwar littafinka


Har zuwa kwanan nan, kuna da zabi ɗaya idan kuna son samun littafinku a hannun masu karatu: wallafe-wallafe.

Amma a yau, masu wallafa wallafe-wallafen ba su zama masu tsaron ƙofar ba. Kuna da yawa zaɓuɓɓuka idan ya zo don buga littafinku. Tuna mamaki idan ya dace da shi don biyan wata yarjejeniya da mai wallafe-wallafe, ko kuma ya kamata ka dauki batutuwan a hannunka kuma ka yi nasara a kan tafiyar da kanka?

A cikin sakon farko a cikin jerin wallafe-wallafenmu, zamu auna nauyin wadata da kullun kowane bangare don haka za ku iya yanke shawara.

Traditional vs. Self Publishing: Ta Yaya Suka Yi aiki?

Traditional Publishing

A'a. Ba wannan littafin wallafe-wallafen ba.

Mashahuran marubuta (tunanin Judy Blume da Stephen King) ana buga su ne a al'ada (wani lokaci ana kira "gabar mashaya" don takaice).

Tare da wallafe-wallafe, littafi mai wallafewa ya zaɓi littafinku daga dubban litattafai.

Yawancin lokaci wannan ya haɗa da samun wakili don sauke littafinku don kamfanoni masu bugawa. A zamanin d ¯ a, masu marubuta zasu aika da littafin su zuwa kamfanonin bugawa da yawa, da zarar sun ki amincewa har sai an gama karatunsu. Masu marubuta masu ƙayyadewa bai yarda da ƙin yarda da su ba:

"A lokacin da nake da sha huɗu, ƙusa a cikin bango ba zai ƙara tallafawa nauyin kin amincewa ba. Na maye gurbin ƙusa tare da karu kuma na rubuta rubutu. "

- Stephen King, A Rubutun: A Memoir na Craft

Yawancin masu marubuta mafi kyau, Agatha Christie, JK Rowling, Louis L'Amour, Dr Seuss, CS Lewis, Judy Blume, da sauransu, sun karbi daruruwan juyayi a shekaru masu yawa kafin a kama littattafansu. (Ina mamaki da yawa litattafai masu ban mamaki da muke ɓacewa domin sun ƙi masu wallafa-wallafe, kuma masu marubuta sun ƙi?)

Samun mai amfani zai iya taimakawa - amma kuma, kana da kotu ga masu kotu har sai wanda ya rabu ya yi aiki tare da kai. Jami'an wallafe-wallafen sunyi shawarwari tare da kamfanonin wallafe-wallafen a madadinku, kuma yawanci suna aiki don yawan adadin dukiyar littattafai. Yawancin ma'aikatan rubutu sun ba 15% dukkanin dukiyar da ake samu ga littafin nan gaba ɗaya.

Idan ya zo wurin zaɓar kamfanonin wallafe-wallafe, kuna da zabi tsakanin manyan masu wallafa "Big 5".

... ko za ka iya barin aiki tare da kamfani mai wallafa, mai zaman kanta.

Tare da waɗannan kamfanoni, marubuta ba su buƙatar mai ba da rubutu. Suna yawancin karɓar karɓa daga kowa, ciki har da mawallafin farko.

Ƙarin misalai na kamfanoni masu wallafe-wallafen masu zaman kansu sune:

Kai Bayarwa

Takaddun kai (wanda ake kira "kai kansa" ko "wallafe-wallafe") shine ɓangaren gaggawa na masana'antu.

Tare da tallar kansa, masu marubuta suna da cikakken iko game da tsari da sayar da su da sauransu duk abin da yake tsakanin.

Masu amfani suna da alhakin cikakken farashin samar, sayarwa, da rarraba. Kayan da aka gama da duk haƙƙin haƙƙin mallaka da kuma hakkoki na musamman sune naka ne kawai. Ba kamar labarun gargajiya ba, tsari ne mai sauƙi. Kawai ƙirƙirar littafinku, tsara hotonku, kuma aika fayiloli zuwa kamfanonin rarraba. Kamfanoni masu wallafe-wallafen suna bada sabis kamar su bugu da buɗaɗɗen bugun buɗaɗɗi da rubutun e-littafi.

Wasu shahararrun kamfanoni masu zaman kansu (wanda ake kira "falmaran walwala") sun hada da:

  • Amazon's Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) da kuma CreateSpace
  • Smashwords
  • Lulu
  • Xlibris
  • AuthorHouse
  • Infinity Publishing
  • Wheatmark

Ana ba da izini masu sayar da haɗin haɗin littattafan da aka buga ta al'ada da kansu wanda ake kira "marubutan marubuta."

Keith Ogorek, darektan tallace-tallace na Mawallafin Mawallafin - ɗayan mafi girma a duniya kuma jagoran kamfanin tallafi na kai, ya ba mu tunaninsa game da Gargajiya Da Pubabi'a Bugawa,

Maimakon ba ku tunani daya kawai. Ina raba hanyar haɗi zuwa takarda na rubuta game da yanayin da ake kira duniyar yanzu Hanyoyi guda huɗu zuwa Buga. Ina tsammanin lokaci ne mafi kyau a tarihi don zama marubucin domin akwai mafi zabi da dama fiye da kowane lokaci a tarihin. Mabuɗin shine don marubucin ya bayyana a kan burin su, kasafin kudi da lokaci da basira zasu iya kawo wannan aikin. Idan sun kasance a fili a kan waɗanda za su yi shawara mai kyau a kan wani zaɓi na bugawa.

Traditional vs. Self Publishing: Ci gaba

Tare da mawallafi na al'ada, a baya zaku sami ƙarin biyan bashin kuɗin da aka biya don littafin ku.

Yana da kyakkyawar alamar sayen kyauta da aka biya akan abubuwan da za ku samu a nan gaba daga littafinku. Ganowa na iya zuwa ko'ina daga $ 500 zuwa miliyoyin, dangane da littafin, marubucin, da kuma kamfanin bugawa.

Amma ci gaba ba a matsayin kowa ba, ko babba, a yau kamar yadda suke kasancewa.

Na samu takardar $ 10,000 don littafin farko na. Ba mummunan ba ga sabon marubucin, amma ba $ 100K ko dai. Mawallafin marubuta ba ya samun babban cigaba kamar haka.

Yawancin kamfanoni masu bugawa sun yanke ko kashe su gaba ɗaya, saboda 7 daga cikin litattafai na 10 basu sake dawowa ba. Hannun ci gaba sun fi dacewa da kamfanoni masu wallafe-wallafe - ƙananan kamfanonin wallafe-wallafen bazai da hanyar samun su ba. A wani ɓangare kuma, masu wallafa wallafe-wallafen ba su iya dogara da duk wani biyan kuɗi ba. Dole ne su biyan kuɗin da ake bugawa a gaba, kuma za su samu kawai idan littattafansu suna sayar.

Traditional vs. Kai Publishing: Royalties

Bambanci a cikin sarauta tsakanin wallafe-wallafe da wallafe-wallafen shi ne babbar!

Baya ga sauƙi na wallafewa, wannan yana daga cikin manyan dalilai ga mawallafin da suka yanke shawara su buga kansu. Masu yin aiki tare da kamfanoni na wallafe-wallafe na iya sa ran samun 10-15% a cikin sarauta daga kowane tallace-tallace. (Har ila yau, kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, masu marubuta da ke aiki tare da manyan kamfanonin wallafe-wallafen ma sun haɗu da kashi a cikin adadin wallafe-wallafe, don haka za su sami ƙasa da ƙasa.) Hannun sarauta za su dogara ne a kan kamfanin da marubucin ya zaɓa ya yi aiki tare da.

Alal misali, idan marubucin ya zaɓa ya wallafa wani littafin e-Amazon a kan Amazon KDP, za ku sami 70% na kowane tallace-tallace idan dai littafinku ya cika wasu bukatun. Idan ba ta cika bukatun ba, zaka sami 35%.

Traditional vs. Kai Publishing: Raba

An wallafa wallafe-wallafen al'ada a matsayin kawai hanyar da aka ambata don samun littafi da aka buga, duk da haka, marubuta suna ɓarna wannan ɓarna da kuma samun cikakken iko da littattafansu ta hanyar buga kansa. Da ke ƙasa akwai 'yan kaɗan ne masu wallafa wallafe-wallafen da aka wallafa su a yau:

  • E. L James-50 Shades na Gray
  • Hugh Howey-Wool Trilogy
  • Amanda Hocking- Trylle saurin
  • Lisa Genova-Duk da haka Alice

Wani marubuci mai suna Rachel Aaron, wanda ke cikin bangarorin biyu, ya bayyana a cikin 'yan kwanan nan hira:

"Lokacin da na shiga cikin littattafai na kasuwanci, ana ganin yadda ake yin wallafe-wallafen mutum, a matsayin makomar mafita. Kowane mawallafin blog da kuma rubutun sharuɗɗa suna ta kururuwa a gare mu kada mu yi tunani game da wallafe-wallafen mutum, don haka ... Ban yi ba. Amma idan teku ta sauya farkon 2010s, sai na fara raira waƙa. Ba zato ba tsammani, wallafe-wallafen mutum ba ya da kyau sosai. Na sadu da mawallafa masu wallafa wallafe-wallafen a cikin tarurrukan da ba wai kawai suna samun kudi mai kyau ba, amma suna da littattafai mai kyau, kuma suna gudanar da shawarar kansu! Wannan shi ne ainihin abin da ya yanke shawarar a gare ni. Ina da babban iko mai kulawa, kuma ina son bin tsarin kasuwanci. "

Traditional vs. Kai Publishing: Publicity

Idan ba ka san sanannun shahararrun mutane, masu ba da izini ba, ko kuma masu sana'a, dole ne ka yi tsammanin za ka yi babban kasuwancin sayar da kanka koda lokacin da kake aiki tare da kamfanonin wallafe-wallafe.

Gaba ɗaya, kamfanoni masu wallafa suna neman aiki tare da mutanen da suka rigaya samun babban biyowa don farawa da.

Rubutun gargajiya zai haifar da latsa kit don masu marubuta su kusanci kafofin watsa labarai tare da. Lissafin littattafai na al'ada sun zama abu ne na baya, amma samfurin kundin tsarin hukuma da kuma wasu bayyanuwa na iya kasancewa a cikin shirin kasuwanci don wallafe-wallafen gargajiya.

Masu wallafa masu buga kansu suna da alhakin sayar da littattafansu da kansu. Yana taimakawa idan kana da wasu irin biyo baya kafin a saki littafin. Idan ba haka ba, samun kwarewa da tallace-tallace zai ɗauki lokaci da kuma ƙaddamarwa. (Yi sauraron wannan jerin don ƙarin bayani game da yadda ake sayarwa littafinku!)

Traditional vs. Self Publishing: Control

Idan ya zo da wallafe-wallafe na al'ada, da zarar ka shiga kwangilar tare da kamfanonin wallafe-wallafe, ka rasa kulawar samfurin karshe.

Mai wallafa zai sarrafa yadda aka gyara, rufe hoto, haƙƙin shari'a, da sauransu. Kundin kwangilarku zai ba da kyauta ga kamfanin bugawa hakkin ya rarraba littafin, a cikin bugawa da na lantarki, cikin harshe Ingilishi a Amurka ciki har da yankunansa.

Ƙila kamfanoni masu bugawa za a iya ba da wasu "hakkoki na haƙƙin mallaka," kamar dama don sayar da littafinka don fim ko talabijin da kuma hakkin sayar da littafin a ko'ina cikin duniya. Yarjejeniyar kwangila zai zama daban-daban ga kowanne marubucin, amma a zahiri ka rasa yawancin haƙƙinka (ko da yake za ka iya ƙoƙarin yin shawarwari da cikakkun bayanai). Takaddun kai yana da bambanci daga gargajiya idan ya zo da iko. Idan ka buga kansa, ka riƙe duk haƙƙoƙinka kuma ka sami cikakken iko akan samfurin karshe.

Traditional vs. Self Publishing: Timeline

Bugawa tare da kamfanonin wallafe-wallafen na al'ada zai iya kasancewa tsari mai tsawo kuma lokaci zai bambanta daga kamfanin zuwa kamfani. Anan misali ne na al'ada da aka tsara:

  • Daga ra'ayin da za a ba da izini zuwa ga wakilcinku: 1-3 watanni
  • Daga wakili don edita da kuma kwangilar kwangila: 2-5 watanni
  • Daga kwangila don bayar da kyautar farko: 2-3 watanni
  • Daga kwangila don bayarwa na rubutu don edita: 3-9 watanni (wani lokaci ya fi tsayi)
  • Daga bayarwa na rubutattun edita don yin aiki akan shi: 2-5 watanni
  • Daga edita zuwa littafin: 9-12 watanni

Yawancin lokaci daga ra'ayin don bugawa: kamar shekaru 2, sau ɗaya, lokacin da ya bambanta tare da kamfanonin bugawa da mawallafa.

Bugu da ƙari, marubuta suna cikakken sarrafa tsarin lokaci lokacin da suke zabar kansu. Maimakon jira a kan kamfanonin wallafe-wallafen kowane mataki, kana cikin iko. Lokaci don takardun da aka buga su na iya bambanta da yawa a kan marubucin. Wata littafi na iya ɗaukar shekara ɗaya don samarwa yayin da aka tsara kuma an buga wani a cikin makonni uku. Kwana uku zuwa shida shine adadi mai kyau.

Shirya don fara Shirya littafinku?

Duk da haka ya rarraba tsakanin wallafe-wallafe ko wallafe-wallafen kai? Bincika na gaba post a cikin jerin wanda zai fadada a kasafin kudin da lokaci.

Game da KeriLynn Engel

KeriLynn Engel ne mai rubutun kwafi da abun ciki na tallace-tallace. Ta na son yin aiki tare da kamfanoni na B2B & B2C don tsarawa da ƙirƙirar halayen kyawawan abubuwan da ke janyewa da kuma sabobin masu sauraro. Lokacin da ba a rubuce ba, za ka iya samun labarun karatunta, kallon Star Trek, ko kuma wasa Telemann fadi a cikin wani mic.

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