The Poynter Institute, Eyetools Inc. and the Estlow Center for Journalism and New Media used eye-tracking equipment to study the way people read webpages and came up with some interesting information to help website owners and bloggers everywhere. The study, called Eyetrack III, studied 46 people for an hour as they read online. They found that a headline that is dominant will draw the eye and even more so if they are located in the upper left corner of the page.
One of the best ways to learn what you should do when writing a headline is by looking at the headline fails. By studying what doesn't work, you'll learn what not to do when writing your own headlines.
What Makes a Headline Suck?
There are some very specific things that make headlines suck. Sometimes, you just don't realize something sucks until you read it and realize how bad it is, though.
Although a headline shouldn't be three lines long, it also shouldn't be so short that the reader only has an extremely broad sense of the topic. You want the reader to know exactly what your article is about when she starts to read it.
Let's use this article as an example. My headline is “Headlines that Suck and What You Can Learn from Them”. Hopefully, you know you're going to learn about what not to do in a headline and get some instruction in writing better ones.
What if I'd used a different headline that wasn't as clear? What if I went with:
While that might grab your attention for a second, you would have no idea what my article was about. I could be writing about anything
2. Too Long
On the opposite end of the spectrum is the headline that is far too long. Like a crazy run-on sentence, it keeps going and going and going.
Gothamist points to a New York Post headline as possibly one of the longest ever. On May 18th, 2013, Josh Saul's column went up with the following headline:
Gospel singer suing McDonald's after she allegedly bit into piece of glass while eating chicken sandwich, which she claims ruined her voice
Wow! That wouldn't even make a good sentence, much less a headline. This headline could be fixed by focusing on the key points:
Gospel Singer Suing McDonald's for “Ruining her Voice”
Woman in sumo wrestler suit assaulted her ex-girlfriend in gay pub after she waved at man dressed as a Snickers bar
Okay, I kind of understand why the reporter wanted to use all that in an attempt to grab the reader's interest, but it was just too much. Instead, better to write something shorter like this:
Woman Assaults Ex-Girlfriend; Snickers Bar Involved
3. Too Ridiculous
There are times when a headline is so crazy and ridiculous that it fails to entice the reader to peruse its pages. After all, if the headline sounds insane, then the article probably is, too.
Ridiculous headlines usually occur when the writer either exaggerates or fails to use the proper punctuation.
According to the Huffington Post, the following headline appeared in the Petersburg Progress-Index, a Virginia newspaper:
Skydiver lands on beer vendor at women's cole slaw wrestling event
While that most definitely qualifies as ridiculous, I'd probably read that article. What is more concerning are the headlines where incorrect grammar changes the meaning of the headline. If you are going to double and triple check your grammar anywhere, do so in your headlines!
They may be talking about golf in the following headline, but how can you be sure? I mean, ouch! Poor grandchild. She must not have liked that one.
Grandmother of Eight Makes Hole in One
When writing headlines, keep in mind any double meanings the reader may get from that headline.
Grammar errors might be something that some of your readers never notice, but if you forget to use commas appropriately, etc., some of your readers WILL notice and it will drive them insane. Think about some of the examples you've seen online, such as:
We're eating Grandpa.
That's horrible! Is your family cannibalistic? Remember to use commas.
We're eating, Grandpa.
The main way to avoid these issues is to be aware of your headlines and perhaps have a second set of eyes look headlines over to make sure they aren't ridiculous.
4. Too Manipulative
Some headlines try to manipulate the reader into reading the article. While you can “entice” the reader, you don't want her to feel manipulated. She will resent your site for manipulating her, particularly if you get her there under false pretenses and then the article fails to deliver.
Read This Article Right Now if You Want to Survive Another Night
I don't know about you, but that sounds almost threatening. I likely wouldn't bother to read it and would chalk it up to a sensationalist journalism approach.
5. Too Spammy
For years now, readers have gotten spam in their inboxes and looked at subject headings that are spam in themselves. They are familiar with click-bait type headlines that simply seek to get clicks because the headline is shocking or provocative. Readers avoid these headlines.
Words to avoid in headlines
According to Outbrain, consumers avoid specific words. For example, words like “Magic”, “Free” and “Must” have a negative reader engagement ranking.
Some examples of spammy headlines include:
You Must Read This Article Before Your Next Meal!
I guarantee you that the reader will go ahead and eat dozens of meals and still won't read your article with a headline like that.
The Magic Formula that Will Earn You $1,000 by Tomorrow
How many spam emails have you gotten that are very similar to this? As a reader, would you bother to click on an article headline with this type of lead-in?
In addition, Facebook also changed its news feed algorithms to push spammy headlines with certain keywords down in news feeds. That means that only relevant, well thought out headlines will have decent reach on the social media giant.
Since top-notch headlines are what you should be writing anyway, this simply forces the issue on this platform. It is a positive move by Facebook and has cut much of the spammy headlines that seemed to be overtaking news feeds for a while there.
The Good and the Bad
When writing the perfect headline, you'll want to consider the examples of good headlines provided by Jerry Low in the article mentioned at the top of this page. However, you'll also want to weigh the ideas you generate with what you shouldn't be doing.
By understanding both the elements of a good article title and the elements that drive readers crazy, you'll have the best chance possible of reaching readers and getting them to click on your title and read more.
About Lori Soard
Lori Soard has been working as a freelance writer and editor since 1996. She has a bachelor's in English Education and a PhD in Journalism. Her articles have appeared in newspapers, magazines, online and she's had several books published. Since 1997, she has worked as a web designer and promoter for authors and small businesses. She even worked for a short time ranking websites for a popular search engine and studying in-depth SEO tactics for a number of clients. She enjoys hearing from her readers.